Care and Treatment for Congenital Heart Defects

Updated:May 2,2011

Father sitting with young girl in hospital bedNot all people with congenital heart defects require treatment. Some may only need to be observed and visit their cardiologist. In other cases, surgery or a cardiac catheterization may be needed to reduce the effects of and/or repair the defect. Even when a defect is treated as a child, further conditions may develop that would benefit from additional medical treatment.

Many medical treatments are available to help the heart perform at its best. Sometimes multiple conditions occur in the same child and each may require medication for treatment. Here is a list of common conditions that can develop in children and/or adults with congenital heart defects and may need medical treatment:

In this care and treatment section, you can also learn about:

If you are a parent caring for a child with a congenital heart defect, you may also want to visit the caregiver section of this website. The American Heart Association thanks you and supports you in your pursuit of heart health.


 Congenital Heart Defects

Web Booklets on Congenital Heart Defects

blue papersThese online publications describe many defects and the procedures used to repair them. This information is designed so that you can customize it to your own needs. It’s organized so that you can print out the sections that relate to you or your child’s defect and concerns.